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叶面肥

农业农村部有机肥使用指导意见-苹果类

作者:施瑞德水溶肥 时间:2019-09-28 阅读量:

  CHULESHUCAIWAI,NONGYENONGCUNBUZHENDUIPINGGUO、GANJU、CHASHUDENGZUOWU,YETUIJIANLEXIANGGUANDEYOUJIFEISHIFEIMOSHI,YIQILEJIEYIXIABA!

  YI、PINGGUO

  (1)“有机肥+配方肥”模式。

  1.JIFEI

  JIFEISHIYONGZUISHIYIDESHIJIANSHI9YUEZHONGXUNDAO10YUEZHONGXUN,DUIYU“HONGFUSHI”DENGWANSHUPINZHONG,KEZAICAISHOUHOUMASHANGJINXING、YUEZAOYUEHAO。 JIFEISHIFEILEIXINGBAOKUOYOUJIFEI、YOUJISHUIRONGXINGFEILIAO、TURANGGAILIANGJI、ZHONGLIANGYUANSUFEI、WEILIANGYUANSUFEIHEFUHEFEIDENG。

飞禽走兽   YOUJIFEIDELEIXINGJIYONGLIANGWEI:NONGJIAFEI(FUSHUDEYANGFEN、NIUFENDENG)2000kg(YUE6FANG)/MU,HUOYOUZHISHENGWUFEI500kg/MU,HUOBINGFEI200kg/MU,HUOFUZHISUAN100kg/MU,HUOHUANGFUSUAN100kg/MU。TURANGGAILIANGJIHEZHONGLIANGYUANSUFEI、WEILIANGYUANSUFEIJIANYIGUIGAIMEIJIAFEI50-100kg/MU、PENGFEI1kg/MUZUOYOU、XINFEI2kg/MUZUOYOU。

  复合肥建议采用高氮高磷中钾型复合肥或水溶性肥料,但在腐烂病发病重和黄土高原区域可采用平衡型如15-15-15(或类似配方),用量50-75kg/亩。

飞禽走兽   JIFEISHIYONGFANGFAWEIGOUSHIHUOXUESHI。GOUSHISHIGOUKUAN30cmZUOYOU、ZHANGDU50-100cm、SHEN40cmZUOYOU,FENWEIHUANZHUANGGOU、FANGSHEZHUANGGOUYIJIZHU(XING)JIANTIAOGOU。XUESHISHIGENJUSHUGUANDAXIAO,MEIZHUSHU4-6GEXUE,XUEDEZHIJINGHESHENDUWEI30-40cm。MEINIANJIAOHUANWEIZHIWAXUE,XUEDEYOUXIAOQIWEI3NIAN。SHIYONGSHIYAOJIANGYOUJIFEIDENGYUTUCHONGFENHUNYUN。

  2.ZHUIFEI

飞禽走兽   ZHUIFEIJIANYI3-4CI,DIYICIZAI3YUEZHONGXUN-4YUEZHONGXUNJIANYISHIYICIXIAOSUANANGAI(HUO25-5-15XIAOJIFUHEFEI),SHIFEILIANG30-45kg/MU;DIERCIZAI6YUEZHONGXUNJIANYISHIYICIPINGHENGXINGFUHEFEI(15-15-15HUOLEISIPEIFANG),SHIFEILIANG30-45kg/MU;DISANCIZAI7YUEZHONGXUNDAO8YUEZHONGXUN,SHIFEILEIXINGYIGAOJIA(QIANDIHOUGAO)PEIFANGWEIZHU(RUQIANQI16-6-26,HOUQI10-5-30,HUOLEISIPEIFANG),SHIFEILIANG25-30kg/MU,PEIFANGHEYONGLIANGYAOGENJUGUOSHIDAXIAOLINGHUOZHANGWO,RUGUOGETOUGOUDA(RUHONGFUSHIZAI7YUECHUDADAO65-70、8YUECHUDADAO70-75)ZEYAOJIANSHAODANSUBILIHEYONGLIANG,FOUZEKESHIDANGZENGJIA。

苹果使用有机水溶肥

  (2)“果-沼-畜”模式。

飞禽走兽   1.ZHAOZHAZHAOYEFAJIAO

  GENJUZHAOQIFAJIAOJISHUYAOQIU,JIANGCHUQINFENBIAN、JIEGAN、GUOYUANLUOYE、FENSUIZHITIAODENGWULIAOTOURUZHAOQIFAJIAOCHIZHONG,AN1:10DEBILIJIASHUIXISHI,ZAIJIARUFUHEWEISHENGWUJUNJI,DUIQIJINXINGFUSHUHEWUHAIHUACHULI,CHONGFENFAJIAOHOUJINGGANSHIFENLI,FENZHAOZHAHEZHAOYEZHIJIESHIYONG。

  2.JIFEI

  ZHAOZHAMEIMUSHIYONG3000―5000kg、ZHAOYE50―100FANG;PINGGUOZHUANYONGPEIFANGFEIXUANYONGPINGHENGXING(15-15-15HUOLEISIPEIFANG)FUHEFEIHUOSHUIRONGXINGFEILIAO,YONGLIANG50―75kg/MU;LINGWAIMEIMUSHIRUGUIGAIMEIJIAFEI50kgZUOYOU、PENGFEI1kgZUOYOU、XINFEI2kgZUOYOU。QIUSHIJIFEIZUISHISHIJIANZAI9YUEZHONGXUNDAO10YUEZHONGXUN,DUIYUWANSHUPINZHONGRUFUSHI,JIANYIZAICAISHOUHOUMASHANGSHIFEI、YUEZAOYUEHAO。CAIYONGTIAOGOU(HUOHUANGOU)FASHIFEI,SHIFEISHENDUZAI30―40cm,XIANJIANGPEIFANGFEISARUGOUZHONG,RANHOUJIANGZHAOZHASHIRU,ZHAOYEKEZHIJIESHIRUHUOJIEHEGUANGAISHIRU。

  3.ZHUIFEI

  ZHUIFEIJIANYI3―4CI, DIYICIZAI3YUEZHONGXUN―4YUEZHONGXUNJIANYISHIYICIXIAOSUANANGAI(HUO25-5-15XIAOJIFUHEFEI),SHIFEILIANG30―45kg/MU;DIERCIZAI6YUEZHONGXUNJIANYISHIYICIPINGHENGXINGFUHEFEIHUOSHUIRONGXINGFEILIAO(15-15-15HUOLEISIPEIFANG),SHIFEILIANG30―45kg/MU;DISANCIZAI7YUEZHONGXUNDAO8YUEZHONGXUN,SHIFEILEIXINGYIGAOJIA(QIANDIHOUGAO)PEIFANGWEIZHU(RUQIANQI16-6-26,HOUQI10-5-30,HUOLEISIPEIFANG),SHIFEILIANG25―30kg/MU,PEIFANGHEYONGLIANGYAOGENJUGUOSHIDAXIAOLINGHUOZHANGWO,RUGUOGETOUGOUDA(RUHONGFUSHIZAI7YUECHUDADAO65―70、8YUECHUDADAO70―75)ZEYAOJIANSHAODANSUBILIHEYONGLIANG,FOUZEKESHIDANGZENGJIA。

  (3)“有机肥+生草+配方肥+水肥一体化” 模式。

  1.GUOYUANSHENGCAO

飞禽走兽   GUOYUANSHENGCAOYIBANZAIGUOSHUXINGJIANJINXING,KERENGONGZHONGZHI,YEKEZIRANSHENGCAOHOURENGONGGUANLI。RENGONGZHONGCAOKEXUANZEGAOYANGMAO、HEIMAICAO、ZAOSHUHE、MAOYETIAOZIHESHUMAOCAODENG,BOZHONGSHIJIANYI9YUEZHONGXUNZUIJIA,ZAOSHUHE、GAOYANGMAOHEHEIMAICAOYEKEZAICHUNJI3YUECHUBOZHONG。BOSHENWEIZHONGZIZHIJINGDE2―3BEI,TURANGSHANGQINGYAOHAO,BOHOUPENSHUI2―3CI。ZIRANSHENGCAOGUOYUANXINGJIANBUJINXINGZHONGGENGCHUCAO,YOUMATANG、BAI、GUANGTOUBAI、GOUWEICAODENGDANGDIYOULIANGYESHENGZACAOZIRANSHENGZHANG,JISHIBACHUTUNCAO、XIANCAI、LI、QINGMA、LVCAODENGEXINGZACAO。BULUNRENGONGZHONGCAOHAISHIZIRANSHENGCAO,DANGCAOCAOZHANGDAO30cm―40cmZUOYOUSHIYAOJINXINGYIGE,GEHOUBAOLIU10cmZUOYOU,GEXIADECAOFUYUSHUPANXIA,MEINIANYIGE2―3CI。

  2.JIFEI

飞禽走兽   JIFEISHIYONGSHIJIANHEFANGFATONG“YOUJIFEI+PEIFANGFEIMOSHI”。

  农家肥(腐熟的羊粪、牛粪等)1500 kg(约5方)/亩,或优质生物肥400 kg/亩,或饼肥150 kg/亩,或腐殖酸100 kg/亩,或黄腐酸100 kg/亩。土壤改良剂和中量元素、微量元素肥建议硅钙镁钾肥50―100kg/亩、硼肥1kg/亩左右、锌肥2kg/亩左右。复合肥建议采用高氮高磷中钾型复合肥或水溶肥飞禽走兽,但在腐烂病发病重和黄土高原区域可采用平衡型如15-15-15(或类似配方)水溶性肥料或复合肥,用量50―75kg/亩。

  3.SHUIFEIYITIHUA

飞禽走兽   MUCHAN3000kgPINGGUOYUANSHUIFEIYITIHUAZHUIFEILIANGYIBANWEI:CHUNDAN(N)9―15kg,CHUNLIN(P2O5)4.5―7.5kg,CHUNJIA(K2O)10―17.5kg,GESHIQIDAN、LIN、JIASHIYONGBILIRUXIABIAO。

SHENGGUOQIPINGGUOSHUGUANGAISHIFEIJIHUA

苹果树使用水溶肥

  ZHU:DUIHUANGTUGAOYUANDIQU,YINGCAIYONGJIESHUIGUANGAIMOSHI,ZONGGUANSHUIDINGEZAI150-170 m3/MU,LINGWAIZAIYUJIRUGUOTURANGSHIDUKEYI,ZEYONGSHAOLIANGSHUIJINJINSHIFEIJIKE。

  (4)“有机肥+覆草+配方肥”模式。

飞禽走兽   1.GUOYUANFUCAO

飞禽走兽   GUOYUANFUCAODESHIYISHIQI3YUEZHONGXUNDAO4YUEZHONGXUN。FUGAICAILIAOYINDIZHIYI,ZUOWUJIEGAN、ZACAO、HUASHENGQIAODENGJUNKECAIYONG。FUCAOQIANYAOXIANZHENGHAOSHUPAN,JIAOYIBIANSHUI,SHIYICISUXIAODANFEI(MEIMUYUE5QIANKE)。FUCAOHOUDUYICHANGNIANBAOCHIZAI15~20LIMIWEIYI。FUCAOSHIYONGYUSHANQIUDI、SHATUDI,TUCENGBODEDIKUAIXIAOGUOYOUQIMINGXIAN,NIANTUDIFUCAOYOUYUYISHIGUOYUANTURANGJISHUI、YINQIWANGZHANGHUOLANGEN,BUYICAIYONG。LINGWAI,SHUGANZHOUWEI20LIMIZUOYOUBUFUCAO,YIFANGJISHUIYINGXIANGGENJINGTOUQI。DONGJIJIAOLENGDIQUSHENQIUFUYICICAO,KEBAOHUGENXIANQUANYUEDONG。FUCAOGUOYUANYAOZHUYIFANGHUO。FENGDADIQUKELINGXINGZAICAOSHANGYATU、SHIKUAI、MUBANGDENGFANGZHICAOBEIDAFENGCHUIZOU。

  2.JIFEI

飞禽走兽   JIFEISHIYONGZUISHIYIDESHIJIANSHI9YUEZHONGXUNDAO10YUEZHONGXUN,DUIYUHONGFUSHIDENGWANSHUPINZHONG,KEZAICAISHOUHOUMASHANGJINXING、YUEKUAIYUEHAO。

  NONGJIAFEI(FUSHUDEYANGFEN、NIUFENDENG)1500QIANKE(YUE5FANG)/MU,HUOYOUZHISHENGWUFEI400QIANKE/MU,HUOBINGFEI150QIANKE/MU,HUOFUZHISUAN100QIANKE/MU。TURANGGAILIANGJIHEZHONGLIANGYUANSUFEI、WEILIANGYUANSUFEIJIANYIGUIGAIMEIJIAFEI50~100QIANKE/MU、PENGFEI1QIANKE/MUZUOYOU、XINFEI2QIANKE/MUZUOYOU。FUHEFEIJIANYICAIYONGPINGHENGXINGRU15-15-15(HUOLEISIPEIFANGDESHUIRONGXINGFEILIAO),YONGLIANG50~75QIANKE/MU。

飞禽走兽   JIFEISHIYONGFANGFAWEIGOUSHIHUOXUESHI。GOUSHISHIGOUKUAN30 LIMIZUOYOU、ZHANGDU50 ~100LIMI、SHEN40 LIMIZUOYOU,FENWEIHUANZHUANGGOU、FANGSHEZHUANGGOUYIJIZHU(XING)JIANTIAOGOU。XUESHISHIGENJUSHUGUANDAXIAO,MEIZHUSHU4~6GEXUE,XUEDEZHIJINGHESHENDUWEI30 LIMI~40 LIMI。MEINIANJIAOHUANWEIZHIWAXUE,XUEDEYOUXIAOQIWEI3NIAN。SHIYONGSHIYAOJIANGYOUJIFEIDENGYUTUCHONGFENHUNYUN。

  3.ZHUIFEI

飞禽走兽   ZHUIFEIJIANYI3~4CI,DIYICIZAI3YUEZHONGXUN~4YUEZHONGXUNJIANYISHIYICIXIAOSUANANGAI(HUO25-5-15XIAOJIFUHEFEI),SHIFEILIANG25~50QIANKE/MU;DIERCIZAI6YUEZHONGXUNJIANYISHIYICIPINGHENGXINGFUHEFEI(15-15-15HUOLEISIPEIFANG),SHIFEILIANG25~50QIANKE/MU;DISANCIZAI7YUEZHONGXUNDAO8YUEZHONGXUN,SHIFEILEIXINGYIGAOJIAPEIFANGFEILIAOHUOSHUIRONGXINGFEILIAOWEIZHU(10-5-30HUOLEISIPEIFANG),SHIFEILIANG25~30QIANKE/MU,PEIFANGHEYONGLIANGYAOGENJUGUOSHIDAXIAOLINGHUOZHANGWO,RUGUOGETOUGOUDAZEYAOJIANSHAODANSUBILIHEYONGLIANG,FOUZEKESHIDANGZENGJIA。

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